Types of Carpet
LOOP PILELoop pile means the fibers are bent into little loops. It’s a very durable, stain-resistant carpeting, but has a low profile and limited cushioning.
Level Loop or Berber Carpet
Contains tufted, uncut loops of equal height, resulting in a very smooth surface. It's durable, easy to maintain and a great carpet for high-traffic areas and informal rooms. Level loop, however, is known to be harder and stiffer than the other carpet options
Today, there are numerous types of modern Berber carpet made from a wide variety of materials, Nylon, Olefin fiber, and wool are the most frequently used materials, Except Tunisian Berber carpets and rugs usually called “Mergoum” which still preserve a know how inherited from ancestral weaving methods.
Tufting is the process of creating textiles, especially carpet, on specialized multi-needle sewing machines. Several hundred needles stitch hundreds of rows of pile yarn tufts through a backing fabric called the primary backing.
Means the tops of the loops vary in height to give a carpet a patterned texture.
CUT PILE CARPET
Cut the yarn tips so there aren’t any loops. Cut pile carpets tend to be denser and softer than loop pile. There are several types of cut pile:
Has an even, smooth texture with a formal appearance.
Has a smooth finish, but the fibers are longer and twisted to give each fiber more body. It’s popular, but the longer fibers mean footprints linger and furniture creates dents.
Saxony is a popular carpet of dense, level-cut pile clipped to about 1/2 inch high. The closely packed yarns give a soft, smooth surface that is perfect in formal settings. A smooth-finished saxony is often referred to as plush. Saxony carpet can show seams, footprints and vacuum marks.
Frieze carpets have a short, durable, twisted pile fiber well-suited for busy areas -- it's often used for commercial purposes. The fibers of a frieze carpet curl in different directions, so they hide footprints and other common carpet marks. Frieze yields a somewhat informal look.
Frieze or twist construction carpet has high, twisted yarns for a longer crimped look and relaxed feel. Its long twists create dimension and visual interest as well as a bouncy, springy feel underfoot.
Frieze carpet has long fibers and isn’t recommended for high traffic areas. In its most extreme form, it’s known as shag carpet.
Textured cut pile has fibers of uneven lengths to create a rougher surface texture.
Textured isn't as densely tufted as saxony, but also has a very soft feel. Two-toned yarn and an uneven surface give it a casual look suited for any room. Its tight-twist construction helps resist soil, so it's a good choice for family rooms. This is the most popular carpet option.
Texture construction carpet has long, crimped yarns for a casual look that works for any room. With higher pile for a super-soft feel, it's no wonder that texture is a popular style.
PATTERNPattern construction carpet is made with varying loop and cut heights for looks that range from bold and dramatic to simple and understated. This low-profile style handles traffic beautifully.
Has long, thick fibers and is very comfortable underfoot.
Cut and loop
Is yet another type of carpet that has both cut pile and loop pile fibers and combines the best qualities of both. It’s good for hiding dirt and stains.
Cut and Loop or Pattern
Offers a combination of the above, allowing more options of textures and patterns. Cut and loop achieves a sculptured pattern with varied levels of uncut low loops and sheared top loops. The pattern looks as if it's been cut into the carpet and usually features several tones from the same color family. The change in color helps disguise wear and soiling. Cut and loop doesn't necessarily hold up as well as loop pile, but is considerably softer.
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